Rural adaptation strategies to drought, case study: Pshtang Village in Ravansar township

Document Type : Applied Article


1 Professor, Geography & Rural Planning, Kharzmi University, Tehran,Iran

2 Assistant Professor , Geography & Rural Planning, Kharzmi University, Tehran,Iran

3 Assistant , Geography & Rural Planning, Khwarizmi University, Tehran,Iran

4 Phd Student, Geography & Rural Planning, Kharazmi University,Tehran,Iran


Continuous droughts have facing villagers and farmers with various vulnerabilities and challenges. In this regard, villagers choose special local and specific strategies in confrontation of this creeping disaster in order to improve their adaptive capacity about drought. With respect to the importance of identification of common strategies of adaptation to reduce the vulnerability of the villagers about this natural phenomenon, the main purpose of this study is to explain the adaptation strategies of villagers to cope with the vulnerability of the drought in Pshtang Village from Ravansar township, that has been done by combination of qualitative research methods (PRA and Grounded Theory). The key informants of the village were selected to refer for purposeful sampling. Using participatory techniques including transact walking, land use mapping, tree problem, matrix ranking, focus groups and semi-structured conversation, data was collected. Open coding, axial and selective coding was utilized as the basis of data analysis. The findings revealed that the most current adaptive capacity of rural households to drought can be categorized into five conceptual categories include social, economic, institutional, technical support and communication strategies.


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