Effective Criteria of Building Construction Materials Selection in order to reduce ecological risks

Document Type : Applied Article


School of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Although, building industry constitutes a vital part of any economy, but also has a significant impact on the environment. The construction, operation, and ultimate demolition of buildings are among the most important factors of direct human impact on the environment (through the materials and energy consumption, pollution and loss caused by it) and indirect ones (through pressure on inefficient infrastructure). Due to the significant harmful influence of the construction industry on environmental hazards (from the point of view of such dangerous effect on ozone layer, greenhouse gases emitting, health risk and diminishing of material efficiency) the importance of creating a sustainable approach has a great potential for development of sustainability principles to manage mentioned environmental hazards. One of the most important measures in this context is to select sustainable materials in construction projects. Materials selection process is complicated and the final choice from among a large number of materials can be determined. Multiple factors are considered by the architects and construction professionals when evaluating the various categories of building materials. Often, such variety of factors present tradeoffs that make decision-making process more complicated. To facilitate the material-selection process, this paper explores one aspect of this topic which deals: Effective factors and variables needed to develop a sustainable approach to effective management of environmental hazards and evaluation model to select building materials. The factors that influence the decision-making process for architects to select materials with sustainable purposes are generated through the abundant data and the results of numerous studies in this field. These criteria could form the basis of an assessment system for choosing sustainable building materials with the aim of managing and reducing environmental hazards.


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