Ecological vulnerability assessment of tourism centers in Langarud city based on SWOT model

Document Type : Applied Article


Assistant Professor of Geography, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Ramsar (Molla-Sadra), Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Ramsar, Iran


In the previous 50 years, rapid growth of tourism industry has been imposed a lot of destructive results on ecology. In the implementation of tourism projects in Iran, environmental test assessments are usually ignored or given the last priority. The environmental effects in the tourism centers of Langarud city have been studied in order to legalize the human relationship with the natural environment and to prevent the destruction of these divine gifts.
Materials and methods
This research is in the category of applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive and inferential in terms of nature. The present research has been done in two ways: library study and field survey. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The statistical sample consisted of 383 people who were calculated using the Cochran's formula and distributed among tourists and the local community. SPSS and Spearman correlation coefficient method were used to analyze the data.
Discussion and results
To evaluate the environment of important tourism centers of Langarud city using the SWOT model, the required information was collected and after collecting field data through a questionnaire, raw information was entered into SPSS software. First, descriptive analysis was used and then in order to achieve the results and objectives of the research, inferential statistics and related tests were used to analyze the data.
The results indicate the negative impact of man-made phenomena on the environment of the region, poor management decisions in the evaluation and implementation of tourism projects, failure to deal with violators, lack of cooperation between tourists and local society and uncontrolled growth of tourism in these centers. Of course, by looking at the positive effects and statistical analysis and evaluation of the centers, strategies and strategic solutions have been proposed, the most important of which is the non-repulsive type wt.


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