Analyzing and Mapping of Dust Storms Seasonal Frequency over Iran for Hazards Reduction

Document Type : Applied Article


1 Assistant of Geomorphology, Urmia University

2 Assistant of Climatology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili


Iran is facing dust storms every year and frequently. This phenomenon has affected, especially in recent years, various aspects of people's lives. The aim of this research is Iran’s seasonal clustering in terms of dust storms frequency with visibility less than 1000 and 500 m for the period of 1987–2008. For this purpose, we used the data of 87 synoptic stations that had suitable spatial distribution in country. In this research, Iran was divided into 5 different regions in terms of dust storms frequency in the each season using Fuzzy clustering method. Stations located in these clusters are not homogeneous in terms of geographical location, climate and resources storm in different seasons of the year, but are homogeneous in terms of the visibility and intensity of storms. Results indicated critical condition in terms of dust storms frequency as follows: studied stations in Sistan & Baluchistan, Khuzestan and Bushehr provinces during spring; studied stations in Khuzestan province and Zabol, Zahedan and Iranshahr (Sistan & Baluchistan province) during summer; station of Zabol during autumn; and stations of Zahedan, Zabol, Konarak and Abadan during winter. The highest frequency of storms was observed in summer and spring, respectively, and the lowest in autumn and winter, respectively. Therefore, in order to decrease weather hazards, it is necessary to run national and international plans in Sistan and Baluchistan and Khuzestan provinces which are facing the disastor in all four seasons, with a high frequency.


   [1]            افراخته، حسین؛ بستانی املشی، یاسر (1389). روشی جدید به‌منظور خوشه‌بندی داده‌های سرعت باد در نیروگاه‌های بادی با استفاده از الگوریتم‌‌های FCM و PSO، نشریة مهندسی برق و مهندسی کامپیوتر ایران، شمارة 3: 214-210.
   [2]            بوچانی، محمدحسن؛ فاضلی، داریوش (1390). چالش‌های زیست‌محیطی و پیامد‌های ناشی از آن، ریزگرد‌ها و پیامد‌های آن در غرب کشور ایران، فصلنامة ره‌نامة سیاستگذاری، سال دوم، شمارة 3: 145-125.
   [3]            خالدی، کوهسار (1392). زیان‌های اقتصادی توفان‌های گردوغبار بر استان‌های غربی ایران (مطالعة موردی: ایلام، خوزستان و کرمانشاه)، فصلنامة مدلسازی اقتصادی، سال هفتم، شمارة 3: 125-105.
   [4]            خسروی، محمود؛ محمد، سلیقه؛ افراخته، حس[j1] ن (1384). اثرات اکولوژیکی و زیست‌محیطی بادهای 120‌روزه در سیستان، طرح پژوهشی سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست استان سیستان و بلوچستان: 225- 1.
   [5]            ذوالفقاری، حسن؛ عابدزاده، حیدر (1384). تحلیل سینوپتیک سیستم‌های گردوغبار در غرب ایران، مجلة جغرافیا و توسعه: 188-173.
    [6]            علیجانی، بهلول (1383). آب‌و‌هوای ایران، انتشارات پیام نور: 22-1‌.
   [7]            فرج زاده، منوچهر، رازی،مهین (1390). بررسی توزیع زمانی و مکانی توفان‌ها و باد‌های شدید در ایران، مجلة پژوهش‌های آبخیزداری، شمارۀ 91: 32-21.
   [8]            مومنی، منصور (1390). خوشه‌بندی داده‌ها (تحلیل خوشه ای)، نشر مؤلف، چاپ اول: 304-1.
   [9]            مقیمی، ابراهیم (1393). دانش مخاطرات (برای زندگی با کیفیت بهتر و محیط پایدارتر)، انتشارات دانشگاه تهران: 242-1 .
 [10]            Bezdek, J. C., (1981), Pattern recognition with fuzzy objective function algorithms, Plenum Press, New York, pp 1-256.
 [11]            Darwin, C., (1846), an account of the fine dust which often falls on vessels in the Atlantic Ocean, Q J GeolSoc 2:26–30.
 [12]            Dodangeh, E., Shao, Y., and Daghestani, M. (2012), L-Moments and fuzzy cluster analysis of dust storm frequencies in Iran, Aeolian Research (5), and pp 91–99.
 [13]            Dunn, J. C., (1974), A Fuzzy relative of the ISODATA process and its use in detecting compact, well-separated clusers. J. Cybernetics 3 (3), pp 32-57.
 [14]            Gao, T.; Han, J.; Wang, Y.; Pei, H., and Lu, Sh., (2011), Impacts of climate abnormality on remarkable dust storm increase of the Hunshdak Sandy Lands in northern China during 2001–2008, Meteorological Applications, pp 265-278.
 [15]            Goudie, A. S., and Middleton, N. J., (2006), Desert Dust in the Global System, Springer, pp 1-287.
 [16]            McTainsh, GH. and Pitblado JR., (1987), Dust storm and related phenomena measured from meteorological record in Australia, Earth Surf Process Landforms 12:415-424.
 [17]            Orlovsky, L. Orlovsky, N. and Durdyev, A. (2005), Dust storms in Turkmenistan, Journal of Arid Environments, (60), pp 83– 97.
 [18]            Rao, A. R., and Srinivas, V. V., (2006), Rgionalization of watersheds by fuzzy cluster analysis, Journal of Hydrology, 318: (1–4), pp 57–79.
 [19]            Richthofen, F. v., (1882), On the mode of origin of the loess, Geol Mag 9:293–305
 [20]            Wang Tianming, L. A., Shichang, K., Pang Deqian, L. A., (2009), On The Relationship between Global Warming and Dust Storm Variation in China, International Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, pp 59-62.
 [21]            Waldhauserova, P. D; Arnalds, O; Olafsson, H; (2013), Long-term frequency and characteristics of dust storm events in Northeast Iceland (1949–2011), Atmospheric Environment, Volume 77, Pages 117–127.
 [j1]حسن یا حسین؟؟؟