Evaluation of Society’ Resiliency Approach against Natural Hazards (Case Study: Damavand District)

Document Type : Applied Article


1 Associate Professor, Geography Department, Tehran University

2 Assistant Professor, Rebuilding Research Group, Shahid Beheshti University

3 PhD Candidate in Geography, Tehran University


In recent years, the most researches in the field of hazards have been changed their paradigm from losses and damages reduce model to a more comprehensive society resilience model. Accordingly, the views and theories of disaster management and sustainable development are about to make resiliency societies against natural hazards. Resilience is system capacity and their ability to change tolerance, disruption and stability of current relationships between individuals or variables. This study evaluates Damavand's resilience approach in dealing with natural hazards by considering mentioned. The most important of resiliency approaches have been divided into four categories; the first one includes proactive approach, reactive, consistent and wide approach. The second one consist three resiliency approaches as a preparation, performance and Ineffectual resiliency. The third one is divided into two approaches are named specific and general resiliency. Finally, the fourth group includes resilience approaches and global equilibrium and resilience and multiple equilibria. Based on these approaches, this study attempted to examine and analysis resilience approach in case study by survey and questionnaire in study area. The questionnaires were filled randomly and data analyzed by statistical methods. In order to determine the resiliency approach in each group, Data were analyzed separately for each group. The results indicates that resilience approach of this area in the first group is proactive; in the second one is resilience as performance; in third group is specific resiliency and finally fourth one is resiliency approach and global equilibrium.


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