Hazards typology in hazards science (Does hazards science have special types?)

Document Type : Technical note


1 Department of Engineering Seismology, International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering. Tehran, Iran

2 Department of natural geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Iran



The activities of people and societies have increased significantly over the past century and have had a great impact on the natural environment and the living environment of societies and on people collectively or individually. On the other hand, the effect of natural events on the activities of people and societies is increasing. Based on this, the nature of hazards science is to measure the risk effect of these activities and events. The method of producing this article is empirical and historical analysis.It contains the well-known collection of testimonies and complaints of the natural and social environment. Of course, the amount that the authors did not remain unaware of. The question of this article is, what kind of hazards have these activities and events caused, and based on those hazards what types of hazards science has? The answer to this question will cause hazards scientists to be fundamentally and organized and increasingly and more actively engaged in solving and managing social, individual and natural environmental hazards. On the other hand, the contribution of hazards science to the understanding of hazards will be developed. Also, other interested people from other fields of science, who have the opportunity to enter hazards science, should be guided to the field of risk science typology.


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